Basic problems of the metric fixed point theory and the relevance of a metric fixed point theorem

Ioan A. RusMarcel-Adrian Åžerban



In this paper we present some basic problems of the metric fixed point theory (existence, uniqueness, set-theoretic aspects (Bessaga, Janos, Rus, …), order-theoretic aspects (Ekeland, Bronsted, Caristi, Kirk, Jachymski, …), convergence of the succesive approximations, data dependence (general estimation, Ulam problem, dependence on the parameters, …), well-posedness of the fixed point problem, limit shadowing property, stability, Gronwall lemmas, comparison lemmas, retractibility, …). Following [I. A. Rus, The theory of a metrical fixed point theorem: theoretical and applicative relevances, Fixed Point Theory, 9 (2008), No. 2, 541–559] we define the relevance of a metrical fixed point theorem by the impact of the theorem on these basic problems. Some case studies are presented.

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Åžerban, Marcel-Adrian, Rus, Ioan A.