Analysis of interactions between human immune system and a pathogenic virus


 Moza, G. and Vesa, L. F.


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In this paper we present a mathematical model for studying the interactions between human immune system and a pathogenic virus, such as Covid-19. A mathematical analysis based on dynamical systems theory is performed. More exactly, we model the interactions between the immune system and the virus by a modified predator-prey method. Several conclusions emerge from this study, and the main two of them are the followings: 1) a deficiency in the concentration of a single type of white blood cells in the early stages of virus proliferation may lead to the virus victory, and 2) if the number of at least one type of white blood cells can be increased beyond the normal threshold by medical interventions in the early stages of virus infection, then the immune system has a better chance to win against the virus.

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Author(s)

 Moza, G., Vesa, L. F.

DOI

https://doi.org/10.37193/CJM.2023.02.06